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Landscape under Connections-寫於2009美國人類學學會年會 (肉圓邑)


今年(2009)的美國人類學學會(American Athropological Association,簡稱AAA)年會,肉圓邑以session organizer的身分,寫了以下的Session Abstract,小弟也順便在雞鴨狗狒這兒獻醜了:

AAA 2009 Annual Meeting: Session AbstractLandscape under Connections: Networks and Encounters of Place-Making in East and Southeast Asia

Up until the mid-1970’s, social science in general took landscape as a tangible object “out there” to be empirically accessed, described and researched. At this time, social scientists traced the evolution of landscape by emphasizing reconstruction of the past and privileged the non-urban or pre-industrial sites for landscape studies. Since the 1980’s, looking for more engagement with the wider social context in which cultures are formed and explained, social scientists of landscape studies started conceptualizing landscape as the manifestation of critical sociopolitical issues like difference, inequality, power, exclusion, social stratification, etc. However, this vibrant theoretical ferment of landscape studies has confronted another challenge resulting from the scenarios of multi-scale connections between different actors working with diverse objectives, and a reorientation of studies seems imperative to understand the significance of landscape under current multi-scale connections. Accordingly, incorporating different studies in and of East Asia and Southeast Asia, this session intends to regroup landscape studies by dealing with three related sets of theoretical frameworks:

1) Landscape as the arena for different actors to work with diverse objectives: This discussion highlights landscape as the arena for different actors to work with diverse objectives. The networks between different actors will then (re)shape the relationship between the global market economy, power of the state, and local people’s everyday life. The actors include the entrepreneurs, governmental officials, local elites, ethnic minority laborers, researchers, etc. These actors work with diverse objectives, including profit making, poverty alleviation, political control, livelihood earning, sustainable development, and natural conservation. On the one hand, the physical forms and symbolic meanings of landscape are changed by these disparate actors and objectives; on the other, landscape is also the imperative element for these heterogeneous actors to forge and sustain the networks between them.

2) Place-making as an ongoing event mobilizing interrelations between the landscape and other actors:  Different actors are not automatically forged in a network. On the contrary, the practice of a network, to connect, is contingent on and initiated by specific social events in space and time. Our session consists of different papers addressing diverse ongoing events mobilizing and sustaining the connections between disparate actors in place-making, be they entrepreneurs, the state, or local ethnic minorities. It is also the process of place-making as the force specifically pulling the landscape into the network linking different actors.

3) Landscape as manifestation of the contingent encounters between different groups of people: Landscape has been shaped by historical contingencies of encounters between different groups of people. These different groups of people brought different perceptions of landscape to create meanings for a place. However, this does not designate landscape only as a passive receiver of historically imposed meanings, but an active participant in place-making. As a result, place-making in the era of globalization is assumed as a particular combination where multi-scale connections interweave with meanings and practices previously “sedimented” in the local landscapes.

3 則迴響 leave one →
  1. 痞子揚 permalink*
    12/14/2009 2:05 下午


  2. geoanthro permalink*
    12/14/2009 4:41 下午


    • 痞子揚 permalink*
      12/14/2009 5:20 下午

      對對對, 貼上來瞧瞧。


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